CSIR-Central Glass & Ceramic Research Institute
A Unit of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research

सीएसआईआर-केंद्रीय काँच एवं सिरामिक अनुसंधान संस्थान
वैज्ञानिक और औद्योगिक अनुसंधान परिषद की एक इकाई
(An ISO 9001:2015 Certified Institute)

Dr. Vamsi Krishna Balla
Senior Principal Scientist

Bioceramics & Coating Division

Phone: Tel: +91-033-2322 3219 (Direct) 24733469/76, Ext. 3219   ||   Mobile: 9088011776
E-mail: vamsiballa@cgcri.res.in,   vamsi23@yahoo.com

Dr. Balla joined CSIR-CGCRI on 21st February 2012

Research Interest
Biomaterials, Prosthesis/implant design & development, Surface engineering, Patient specific implants, Laser processing, Additive manufacturing, Advanced materials processing & manufacturing, Processing-microstructure-property correlations.

Professional Career
CSIR-CGCRI, Kolkata Sr. Principal Scientist 2012 - present
CSIR-CGCRI, Kolkata Fellow Scientist 2011 - 2012
Washington State University, USA Asst. Research Prof. 2007 - 2011
Washington State University, USA Post-doc Researcher 2005 - 2007
IIT Madras, Chennai Research Scholar 2002 - 2005
TCIRD, Patiala Research Engineer 2000 - 2002
IIT Madras, Chennai Research Associate 1998 - 2000
Ashok Layland Ltd., Hyderabad Trainee 1994 - 1996

  • Review panel member and Rapporteur for the projects submitted for funding to "The Executive Agency for Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovation Funding (UEFISCDI)", Romania, European Union – 2016.
  • Best Technology Award for technology entitled “Manufacture of Bioactive Ceramic Scaffolds/Granules and Integrated Orbital Implant” licensed to GESCo (India) Pvt. Ltd., Chennai (CSIR-CGCRI, May 2016).
  • Outstanding Reviewer, Materials & Design; Materials Science & Engineering A, Materials Science & Engineering B, March 2015.
  • Associate Editor, Computer-Aided and Digital Manufacturing Technologies (specialty section of Frontiers in Mechanical Engineering, Switzerland), September 2014.
  • Board/Core Committee/Founding Member, Indian Orthopaedic Research Society, June 2013.
  • Editor, ISRN Biomaterials (International Scholarly Research Network, New York, USA) – 2012 onwards.
  • Editorial Board Member, Journal of Surface Engineered Materials and Advanced Technology (Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. USA) – 2012 onwards.
  • Review panel member for ""The Executive Agency for Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovation Funding (UEFISCDI)", Romania, European Union, 2011.
  • My publications titled “Low Stiffness Porous Ti Structures for Load Bearing Implants" and "Processing and biocompatibility evaluation of laser processed porous titanium" have been identified as highly cited articles in the journal “Acta Biomaterialia”.
  • My publication titled “Low Stiffness Porous Ti Structures for Load Bearing Implants" has been listed as Top 25 Hottest Articles in the journal “Acta Biomaterialia”.
  • National Science Foundation review panel member (Materials Processing & Manufacturing Program, Division of Civil, Mechanical & Manufacturing Innovation) - 2010.
  • Nominated for MSEA Journal Prize in Oct. 2010.
  • Session Co-Chair, Surface Properties of Biomaterials Symposium, MS&T10, Materials Science & Technology 2010 Conference and Exhibition, October 17-21, 2010, Huston, Texas, USA.
  • Review panel member for Aides à la Formation-Recherche (AFR) proposals managed by the Fonds National de la Recherche (FNR), Luxembourg - 2009.
  • Nominated for outstanding mentor at Mentor Program, WSU (2008).
  • Rated as Excellent reviewer (top 20) for Metallurgical & Materials Transactions A (2007).
  • Chair, ASM Material Advantage Student Chapter, IIT Madras, India (Nov. 2002 – Jun. 2004).
  • Listed in Marquis Who’s Who in America (2010, 64th Edn.), Who’s Who in Science and Engineering (2005-2006, 8th Edn.), Who’s Who of Emerging Leaders (2007, 1st Edn.) and Who’s Who in Asia (2007, 1st Edn., 2012, 2nd Edn.).
  • Sudarshan Bhatt Memorial Award for Ph. D Thesis, IIT Madras, India, 2005.
  • ARCI, Best Technical Paper award, ISRS, IIT Madras, India, 2004.
  • Best Technical paper, AMALGAM’03, IIT Madras, India, 2003.
  • Young Scientist Award from Punjab Academy of Sciences, India, 2002.
  • American Welding Society (India Chapter) best paper, 4th NSRS, IIT Madras, India, 2002.
  • Second prize in Metallography Contest (SEM Category), National Metallurgist Day / 55th ATM, Indian Institute of Metals, Bhubaneswar, India, 2001.
  • Sudarshan Bhatt Memorial Award for M. Tech. Thesis, IIT Madras, India, 1998.

Selected Publications
29 Total Citations: 2821 (Average citation = 26.86 per publication)
Referred Journals : 105 (Average publication rate = 6.6 per year)
Book Chapters/Monograph Series : 6
Conference Proceedings : 14
Conference Presentations/Posters : 69
Invited Lectures : 32
Recent publications:
Chapters in Books/Book Series:
  1. Vamsi Krishna Balla, Mitun Das, Someswar Datta, Biswanath Kundu, Chapter 9: Articulating biomaterials: Surface engineering, tribology and biocompatibility, in Processing Techniques and Tribological Behavior of Composite Materials, 218-267 (2015) Eds. Rajnesh Tyagi and J. P. Davim, IGI Global, Hershey, USA. Online Access
  2. Vamsi Krishna Balla, Chapter 3: Deposition based and solid-state additive manufacturing technologies for metals, in Additive Manufacturing, 65-95 (2015) Eds. Amit Bandyopadhyay, Susmita Bose, CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, FL, USA. Online Access
  3. Mitun Das, Vamsi Krishna Balla, Chapter 11: Additive Manufacturing and Innovation in Materials World, in Additive Manufacturing, 295-330 (2015) Eds. Amit Bandyopadhyay, Susmita Bose, CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, FL, USA. [Times cited: 01]. Online Access

Refereed Journals
  1. Vamsi Krishna Balla, Sangeetha Dey, Adiyen A. Muthuchamy, G. D. Janakiram, Mitun Das, Amit Bandyopadhyay, Laser Surface Modification of 316L Stainless Steel, Journal of Biomedical Materials Research: Part B - Applied Biomaterials, In press (2017). [Impact factor: 2.881; Times cited: ] Online Access
  2. Bhaskar Manne, Srikanth Bontha, M.R. Ramesh, Munishamaiah Krishna, Vamsi Krishna Balla, Solid state amorphization of Mg-Zn-Ca system via mechanical alloying and characterization, Advanced Powder Technology, 28 (1) (2017) 223-229. [Impact factor: 2.478; Times cited: ]. Online Access

Patents filed / Granted
Summary: 2 (filed in USA PTO)

Landmark Research Contribution
  1. Transferred/commercialized four (04) technologies (one in 2015 and three in 2016) related to biomaterials and implants developed at BCCD.
  2. New technologies/ know-how/ product development activities:
    • Third generation ceramic composite material based on new ZTA composition with superior fracture toughness for hip/knee and dental implant applications.
    • Novel ion doped HAp with enhanced bioactivity and osseointegration for use as granules, powder, blocks, scaffolds and coatings on metal implants for orthopedic/dental applications.
    • Novel osteoinductive functional biocomposite scaffold/implants based on CaS/ CaP/ Bioactive glass/ Polymer matrix to accelerate bone/tissue healing.
    • Industrially viable in-situ synthesized Ti-TiB-TiN composite coatings using plasma spraying for wear resistance implant applications.
    • Use of additive manufacturing for customized implants and designed scaffolds of BAG/CaP for bone cancer, trauma and maxillofacial applications.
    • Infection resistance implants with enhanced osseointegration using two-step electrochemical treatment.
    • Uncoventional approach to treat cancer or improve current treatment efficiency using ultrasound and magnetic fields.
  3. The research group earned strong research funding (Rs. 4304 Lakhs worth on-going projects; Rs. 2719 Lakhs worth projects under consideration).
  4. Established strong industrial collaborations for process and product development (i) M/s Eaton Technologies Pvt. Ltd. (Subsidiary of Eaton Inc., USA), (ii) M/s TTK Healthcare (Orthopedics Division), Chennai, (iii) M/s General Surgical Company (India) Pvt. Ltd. Chennai, (iv) M/s Orthotech, Valsad, Gujarat, (v) M/s Oriental Surgical Pvt. Ltd. Meerut, (vi) M/s Sushrut Adler Mediequip Ltd. Pune (acquired by Smith & Nephew).
  5. Established state-of-the-art processing, characterization and testing facilities at the division.
  6. New national and international collaborations have been established: International - A.M. Prokhorov General Physics Institute (GPI RAS), Moscow, Russia; Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Johannesburg, South Africa; Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, China; Department of Engineering Science, Uppsala University, Sweden; Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering, School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom; Department of Oral Biology, School of Dentistry, Medical University of Vienna, Austria; Industrial Engineering, University of Louisville, USA. National - Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Medical Sciences, & SSS General Hospital, Whitefield, Bangalore; Department of Orthopedics, Govt. Medical College Hospital, Chandigarh; Department of Oral Maxillofacial Surgery, AIIMS, New Delhi; Department of Dentistry, Command Hospital, Kolkata; Dr. Vijay Kumar, Additional Professor, AIIMS, New Delhi; Jai Prakash Narayan Apex Trauma Center (JPNATC), AIIMS, New Delhi; Joint Replacement & Advanced Trauma, MUVE Hospital, Surat; Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru; National Institute of Technology Karnataka, Surathkal; Indian Institute of Technology Madras; Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur; The Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur; Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology (IIEST), Shibpur, Kolkata; PSG Institute of Advanced Studies, Coimbatore.

Student Supervision

: 2 completed; 5 on-going
M.S/M.Tech./M.D.S : 19 completed; 1 M.Tech. on-going; 3 M.D.S on-going
B.S/B.Tech. : 7 completed.

    Updated on: 27-02-2017 18:00 
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