सीएसआईआर-केंद्रीय काँच एवं सिरामिक अनुसंधान संस्थान

CSIR-Central Glass & Ceramic Research Institute

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সিএসআইআর-কেন্দ্রীয় কাঁচ ও সেরামিক গবেষণা সংস্থা

सीएसआईआर-केंद्रीय काँच एवं सिरामिक अनुसंधान संस्थान

CSIR-Central Glass & Ceramic Research Institute

Functional Materials & Devices

Overview


The advent of smart materials, structures and systems on the one hand and the fear of burgeoning terrorism across the globe on the other hand have led to an extensive demand of sensors and actuators having tailor-made properties. Amongst different sensors, gas and vapour sensors are increasingly needed for safety, environmental monitoring and process control and find applications in diverse areas, e.g. monitoring of toxic gases like carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, chlorine, combustible gases like methane, LPG, CNG, hydrogen, automobile exhaust pollutants like SOx, NOx, hydrocarbons and measuring and controlling humidity for industrial, nuclear and domestic sectors. Also gas sensors in the form of array or e-nose are of paramount importance for detection of explosives, nerve gas, freshness of fruits and fish, monitoring tea aroma and in medical diagnostics like breath alcohol analyzer, diabetes detection etc. Presently our activity includes development of solid state sensors for detection of methane, LPG, CNG, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, trace moisture, alcohol (breathalyzer) and acetone(biomarker of diabetes in breath).

Basically, a smart structure consists of sensors, actuators and control circuit. An actuator is a transducer capable of transducing an input energy into mechanical energy (displacement/force). Piezoelectric materials are currently used in a variety of applications as sensors and actuators and they play a pivotal role in the arena of smart materials and structures. Ultrasonic structural health monitoring (SHM) is an area where piezoelectric materials in the form of wafers/patches can act as both actuators and sensors. Our present activities include development of multilayer piezoelectric actuators, piezoelectric wafers, and lead-free piezoelectric materials. We have also initiated work on energy harvesting devices using piezoelectric materials.

Recently, to boost collaboration so as to get a tangible outcome, “Sensor Hub” has been formed at CGCRI under the patronage of DST and CSIR. Presently, in the Hub, along with CGCRI, other Institutes in and around kolkata, who have been involved in sensor and related activities for a long time, viz., Jadavpur University, Calcutta University, Bengal Engg. & Science University and Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC), Kolkata have joined hands to develop, fabricate and test electronic nose for tea aroma, MEMS-based battery operated methane and carbon monoxide sensors and arsenic detection kits. The Hub will provide pilot production and testing facilities of sensor and sensor array modules for food, agriculture and environmental applications so that the developed technologies can be transferred directly to the interested parties.

Areas of Research

  • Sensors for detection of toxic and combustibles gases like methane, carbon monoxide and LPG.
  • Sensors for tea aroma electronic nose
  • Semiconductor sensor based breath analyzer for noninvasive monitoring of diabetes
  • Humidity sensors for high temperature nuclear applications
  • Trace moisture sensors for different applications
  • Piezoelectric wafers for NDE of structures
  • Non-lead based piezoelectric materials and multiferroic materials
  • High block-force packaged multilayer piezoelectric actuators for aerospace applications
  • Energy harvesting devices using piezoelectric materials

Technology Developed

  • LPG leakage alarm
  • Trace moisture sensors
  • Piezoelectric wafers for NDE of structures
  • Packaged multilayer piezoelectric actuators ( Under Development )

List of Patents

Patent granted /filled/Technology developed /transferered

Sl No.      Patent Name & Number Inventor Filling date Country
1.

 A process for preparation of thin film moisture sensor for determination of trace moisture in gaseous phase.

Number: 0154NF2019.

P.Sujatha Devi, Sagnik Das, Debdulal Saha October,2019 India
2.

 A green process for fabricating low cost alumina tubes as substrates for various sensor development.

Number: 0231NF2019

P.Sujatha Devi, Sagnik Das, Debdulal Saha

 

December, 2019 India
3

A Novel Metal Oxide-Polymer Nano Composite for Ammonia Sensing at Temperatures below ambient including Sub-Zero Temperatures”,

Number.: 202111015506

Swastik Mondal, Nirman Chakraborty 31.03.2021 India
4

A Novel Metal Oxide-Polymer Nano Composite for Ammonia Sensing at Temperatures below ambient including Sub-Zero Temperatures”.

PCT/IN2022/050309

Swastik Mondal, Nirman Chakraborty 26.03.2022  
5 A Smartphone-interfaced Point-of-Care Sensor Device for Rapid and Label-Free Detection of Biomolecules”

Somenath Roy, Siddhartha Shankar Bhunia,

Preetam Guha Ray

 

Under process  

 

Projects

 List of Ongoing National Projects

Sl. No.

Name of the project

Role

Sponsored Agency

Tenure

Budget

01.

Development of Flexible Piezo – Sensor Platforms for Engineering Critical Application.

 

P.I

Dr. Shrabanee Sen

Co P.I

Sayantani Lala

 

 

CSIR

2020- 2023

94.70L

02.

Structural Health & Condition Monitoring of Metallic airframe.

P.I.

Dr. Shrabanee Sen

Co PI

Dr. Somenath Roy

 

CSIR

2022- 2025

107L

03.

Development of low ppm moisture sensor and digital meters for online measurement of moisture present in transformer oil

 (SSP-0314).

 

P.I

Dr. Debdulal Saha

 

Co PI

Dr. Sagnik Das

NTPC

01/09/2018-

30/11 2021

Waiting for extension up to30 September, 2022.

 

47.02L

+18% GST

04.

Development of Graphene-Metal Oxide Nanocomposite Sensor-based Hand-Held Electronic Nose for the Detection of Formalin Adulteration in Fish

(GAP 0375).

 

 

P.I

Dr. Debdulal Saha

 

Co PI

Dr. Sagnik Das

ASEAN-India, SERB

16/08/2021-

15/08/ 2023

21.82L

05.

Development of nanocomposite moisture transmitter for   monitoring ppm moisture in transformer oil through wireless communication system.

 

 

P.I

Dr. Debdulal Saha

 

Co PI

Dr. Sagnik Das

CPRI, Ministry of Power

Approved.

Waiting for MOU sign.

36.58L

06.

Development and performance characterization of crosslinked b- cyclodextrin polymer based thin-film composite nanofiltration ceramic membrane.

 

      P.I

Dr. Arnab Mukherjee

Co-PI: Dr. Ganesh C. Sahoo                                 Dr. Priyanka Mondal, DST-INSPIRE Faculty Fellow

 

 

DST-SERB, Govt. of India

2021-2024

~35 Lakhs

07.

Novel boron-rich B-C, B-O and B-P phases for sensing applications in harsh environment: establishing correlation between charge-density distribution and sensing property.

 

PI: Dr. Swastik Mondal

 

Co PI: Dr. Mrinal Pal

 

DST-SERB

2020-2023

 

Rs. 21.86 lakh

08.

Advancing Technological Leads for  Assuring Safety of Food (ATLAS): W.P. 1.2: Solid-solid phase change materials (SS-PCMs) for applications in cold storage for  efficient food preservation.

 

 

PI: Dr. Swastik Mondal

 

Co PI: Dr. Ambarish Sanyal

CSIR-MISSION

 

2021-2023

Rs. 130.7 lakh

09.

 Development of WO3/Graphene nanocomposite thin films for electrochromic display (HCP0030 (W.P.1.1)

 

P.I

Dr. Susmita Kundu

 

Co-P.I

Dr. Arnab Mukherjee

CSIR Mission

2020-2023

73.7 Lakhs

 

10.

Development of IoT enabled Point – of- Care Sensors for Non-invasive detection of Neurotransmitters.

 

P.I Dr. Somenath Roy

 

Co-P.I

Dr. Arnab Mukherjee

SERB, Govt, of India

2022-2025

~47.02 Lakhs

Divisional Facilities


Dew point Meter & Chilled Mirror Hygrometer
[Shaw Moisture Meter, England & Edge Tech, USA]

Ceramic Multilayer Actuator Test Bench
[aixACCT Systems GmbH, Germany]

Wire bonder [West Bond Inc. USA

Lamination Press [Washbash Indiana, USA]

Wire bonding station [Developed at CGCRI]

Screen Printer [Skyhill, Taiwan]

Tape Caster [Haiku Tech Inc, USA]

Zeta Acoustic Particle Sizer
[Matec Instrument Companies, Inc, USA]

 

Scientists

Technical/Support Staff

Name Designation Expertise

Mr. Shankar Biswas
Senior Technical Officer (3) Electrical Engineering, Maintenance of electrical equipments, Clean room etc

Dr. Sagnik Das
Senior Technical Officer (1) Material preparation, sensor coating, sensor characterization.

Md. Jalaluddin Mondal
Senior Technician(2) Operation & maintenance of sophisticated instruments and maintenance of gas measurement set up

Sk. Md. Mursalin
Technician (2) Synthesis of sensor materials, processing of sensors & actuators, chemical stock maintenance.

Mr. Raju Manna
Technician (1) Instrumentation (Maintenance & handling of sophisticated instruments ) and fabrication of sensor platform.

 

Scholars/Students

Sl. No. Student Name Designation Area Tenure
01.

Subhajit Mojumder

Supervisor:

Dr. Mrinal Pal

INSPIRE-SRF

“Gas sensor for breath analysis”

 

 

October, 2019-October, 2024
02.

Sanjib Dash

Supervisor:

Dr. Mrinal Pal

INSPIRE-JRF

“Photocatalytic activity of nanostructured materials”

 

January, 2022-January, 2026
03.

Epsita Kar

Supervisor:

 Dr. Shrabanee Sen

CSIR-RA Electronic Skin September, 2021-September, 2024
04.

Shewli Pratihar

Supervisor:

Dr. Shrabanee Sen

INSPIRE-SRF Nanogenerators June, 2017-June, 2022
05.

Puja Ghosh

Supervisor:

Dr. Shrabanee Sen

INSPIRE-SRF Gas Sensors May, 2017-May, 2022
06.

Sourav Maity

 

Supervisor:

 Dr. Shrabanee Sen

INSPIRE-SRF Nanogenerators April, 2019-April, 2024
07.

Pounomi Bera

 

Supervisor:

Dr. Shrabanee Sen

INSPIRE-JRF

(Provisional)

Self powered Gas Sensors February, 2022-February, 2027
08.

Tania Chatterjee

Supervisor:

Dr. Arnab Mukherjee

 

 

INSPIRE-SRF BiFeO3 and graphene based multiferroic systems July, 2017- July, 2022
09.

Shaibal Sahoo

Supervisor:

Dr. Arnab Mukherjee

 

INSPIRE-JRF

 

Optical fiber based Hydrogen sensing Dec, 2020- Dec, 2025
10.

Debal Ghosh

Supervisor:

Dr. Arnab Mukherjee

 

SERB Project Fellow

Development of Ceramic -polymer composite membrane for removal of organic micropollutants.

 

Sept., 2021- Dec., 2023
11

Nirman Chakraborty

 

Supervisor:

Dr. Swastik Mondal

 INSPIRE –SRF Investigations on the effects of surface structures on pollutant sensing properties of metal oxide sensors

Till February, 2023

 

12

Pratyasha Rudra

 

Supervisor:

Dr. Swastik Mondal

INSPIRE –SRF Structure-property correlation in functional materials with sensing applications

Till February, 2024

 

13

Anagha Ghosh

 

Supervisor:

Dr. Swastik Mondal

INSPIRE –JRF Synthesis, characterization and development of solid-solid phase change materials for efficient thermal energy storage

Till October, 2026

 

14

Soumik Kar

 

Supervisor:

Dr. Swastik Mondal

Project Associate I (HCP0031) Solid-solid phase change materials (SS-PCMs) for applications in cold storage for  efficient food preservation

Till March, 2023

 

15

Mamunoor Rahaman

 

Supervisor:

Dr. Swastik Mondal

JRF (GAP0374) Novel boron-rich B-C, B-O and B-P phases for sensing applications in harsh environment: establishing correlation between charge-density distribution and sensing property

Till February, 2023

 

16

Sovandeb Sen

 

Supervisor:

 

Dr. Susmita Kundu

 

Inspire-SRF

Gas Sensor

 

2019-2024
17

Saheli Bhattacharya

 

Supervisor:

Dr. Susmita Kundu

Project Associate-II

Electrochromic Coating

 

2021-2023
18

Ankita Dutta Chowdhury

 

Supervisor:

Dr. Somenath Roy

SERB Project Fellow

Development of IoT-enabled Sensors for Detection of Neurotransmitters

April 2022-March 2025

Contact

Dr. Mrinal Pal, 
Chief Scientist & Head
Phone: (033) 24838083
Fax: +91-33-24730957
E-mail:  palm@cgcri.res.in

Last Updated on November 30, 2022