सीएसआईआर-केंद्रीय काँच एवं सिरामिक अनुसंधान संस्थान

CSIR-Central Glass & Ceramic Research Institute

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সিএসআইআর-কেন্দ্রীয় কাঁচ ও সেরামিক গবেষণা সংস্থা

सीएसआईआर-केंद्रीय काँच एवं सिरामिक अनुसंधान संस्थान

CSIR-Central Glass & Ceramic Research Institute

Functional Materials & Devices

Overview


The advent of smart materials, structures and systems on the one hand and the fear of burgeoning terrorism across the globe on the other hand have led to an extensive demand of sensors and actuators having tailor-made properties. Amongst different sensors, gas and vapour sensors are increasingly needed for safety, environmental monitoring and process control and find applications in diverse areas, e.g. monitoring of toxic gases like carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, chlorine, combustible gases like methane, LPG, CNG, hydrogen, automobile exhaust pollutants like SOx, NOx, hydrocarbons and measuring and controlling humidity for industrial, nuclear and domestic sectors. Also gas sensors in the form of array or e-nose are of paramount importance for detection of explosives, nerve gas, freshness of fruits and fish, monitoring tea aroma and in medical diagnostics like breath alcohol analyzer, diabetes detection etc. Presently our activity includes development of solid state sensors for detection of methane, LPG, CNG, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, trace moisture, alcohol (breathalyzer) and acetone(biomarker of diabetes in breath).

Basically, a smart structure consists of sensors, actuators and control circuit. An actuator is a transducer capable of transducing an input energy into mechanical energy (displacement/force). Piezoelectric materials are currently used in a variety of applications as sensors and actuators and they play a pivotal role in the arena of smart materials and structures. Ultrasonic structural health monitoring (SHM) is an area where piezoelectric materials in the form of wafers/patches can act as both actuators and sensors. Our present activities include development of multilayer piezoelectric actuators, piezoelectric wafers, and lead-free piezoelectric materials. We have also initiated work on energy harvesting devices using piezoelectric materials.

Recently, to boost collaboration so as to get a tangible outcome, “Sensor Hub” has been formed at CGCRI under the patronage of DST and CSIR. Presently, in the Hub, along with CGCRI, other Institutes in and around kolkata, who have been involved in sensor and related activities for a long time, viz., Jadavpur University, Calcutta University, Bengal Engg. & Science University and Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC), Kolkata have joined hands to develop, fabricate and test electronic nose for tea aroma, MEMS-based battery operated methane and carbon monoxide sensors and arsenic detection kits. The Hub will provide pilot production and testing facilities of sensor and sensor array modules for food, agriculture and environmental applications so that the developed technologies can be transferred directly to the interested parties.

Areas of Research

  • Sensors for detection of toxic and combustibles gases like methane, carbon monoxide and LPG.
  • Sensors for tea aroma electronic nose
  • Semiconductor sensor based breath analyzer for noninvasive monitoring of diabetes
  • Humidity sensors for high temperature nuclear applications
  • Trace moisture sensors for different applications
  • Piezoelectric wafers for NDE of structures
  • Non-lead based piezoelectric materials and multiferroic materials
  • High block-force packaged multilayer piezoelectric actuators for aerospace applications
  • Energy harvesting devices using piezoelectric materials

Technology Developed

  • LPG leakage alarm
  • Trace moisture sensors
  • Piezoelectric wafers for NDE of structures
  • Packaged multilayer piezoelectric actuators ( Under Development )

Projects

 List of Ongoing National Projects

Sl. No. Name of the project Role Agency
1. High piezoelectric coefficient composites for application as flank array sensors.

P.I.

Dr.Shrabanee Sen 

Co-PI

Dr Ambarish Sanyal

Mr Anshuman Seal

CSIR- 4M (FTT)

(2020-2022)

2. Development of Advanced Materials and Devices for Optoelectronic, Biomedical and Strategic Applications

Co-P.I.

Dr. Shrabanee Sen

CSIR-MISSION

(2020-2023)

3.

Development of WO3/Graphene nanocomposite thin films for electrochromic display

 

P.I.

Dr. Susmita Kundu 

Co-P.I.

Dr. Arnab Mukherjee

CSIR-MISSION

(2020-2023)

4.

Development of an array based low temperature sensing device for early detection of multiple diseases by monitoring exhaled breath

 

P.I. Dr.Mrinal Pal

Co-P.I.

Dr. Debdulal Saha

Dr. Susmita Kundu

CSIR-4M (NCP)

(2020-2022)

5.

Development of graphene-metal oxide nanocomposite based ammonia sensing device for advanced medical application

 

P.I. Dr.Mrinal Pal

Co-P.I. :

Dr. Susmita Kundu

DST

(2018-2021)

6. Novel boron-rich B-C, B-O and B-P phases for sensing applications in harsh environment: establishing correlation between charge-density distribution and sensing property

P.I.

Dr. Swastik Mondal

 

Co-P.I.

Dr. Mrinal Pal

 

DST SERB

(2020 – 2023)

7.

Development of low ppm moisture sensor and digital meters for online measurement of moisture present in transformer oil.

 

P.I.

Dr.Debdulal Saha

 

Co-P.I.

Dr.Sagnik Das

 

NTPC

(2018-2021)

8. Development and performance characterization of crosslinked beta-cyclodextrin polymer based thin-film composite nanofiltration ceramic membrane

P.I.

Dr. Arnab Mukherjee

DST SERB

(2021 – 2024)

99.. Development and Characterization of Lamb Wave Transducers with Adaptive Tunability and High Directionality using Piezo Wafers and Patches for Health Monitoring of Metallic Aircraft Structures

P.I.

Dr. Shrabanee Sen

 

Co-P.I.

Dr. Somenath Roy

 

CSIR- Mission

(2021-2024)

10. Advancing Technological Leads for  Assuring Safety of Food (ATLAS): W.P. 1.2: Solid-solid phase change materials (SS-PCMs) for applications in cold storage for  efficient food preservation

P.I.: Dr. Swastik Mondal

 

Co-P.I: Dr. Ambarish Sanyal

CSIR-MISSION

(2020-2023)

Divisional Facilities


Dew point Meter & Chilled Mirror Hygrometer
[Shaw Moisture Meter, England & Edge Tech, USA]

Ceramic Multilayer Actuator Test Bench
[aixACCT Systems GmbH, Germany]

Wire bonder [West Bond Inc. USA

Lamination Press [Washbash Indiana, USA]

Wire bonding station [Developed at CGCRI]

Screen Printer [Skyhill, Taiwan]

Tape Caster [Haiku Tech Inc, USA]

Zeta Acoustic Particle Sizer
[Matec Instrument Companies, Inc, USA]

 

Scientists

 

Technical/Support Staff

Name Designation Expertise

Mr. Shankar Biswas
Senior Technical Officer (3) Electrical Engineering, Maintenance of electrical equipments, Clean room etc

Dr. Sagnik Das
Senior Technical Officer (1) Material preparation, sensor coating, sensor characterization.

Md. Jalaluddin Mondal
Senior Technician(2) Operation & maintenance of sophisticated instruments and maintenance of gas measurement set up

Sk. Md. Mursalin
Technician (2) Synthesis of sensor materials, processing of sensors & actuators, chemical stock maintenance.

Mr. Raju Manna
Technician (1) Instrumentation (Maintenance & handling of sophisticated instruments ) and fabrication of sensor platform.

 

Scholars/Students

Sl. No. Name Position Supervisor Duration
01. Dr. Arindam Saha (RA) Dr. Ambarish Sanyal (Till 2022)
02. Sovandev Sen Inspire Fellow Dr. Susmita Kundu

 

Start Date 05/03/2019
03. Subhajit Majumder Inspire Fellow Dr. Mrinal Pal Start Date

04/10/2019

04. Nirman Chakraborty SRF (INSPIRE) Dr.Swastik Mondal Start date: 19.02.2018
05. Pratyasha Rudra JRF (INSPIRE) Dr. Swastik Mondal Start date 12.02.2019
06. Sourav Sarkar Project JRF Dr. Swastik Mondal upto 09.02.2023
07. Anagha Ghosh Provisional (INSPIRE, subject to approval of the proposal) Dr. Swastik Mondal Applied on: 20.10.2020
08. Abhishek Sasmal (DST, Inspire SRF) Dr.Shrabanee Sen (Feb 2017-Feb 2022)
09. Puja Ghosh (DST,

Inspire SRF)

Dr. Shrabanee Sen (May 2017-May 2022)
10. Shewli Pratihar (DST,

Inspire

SRF)

Dr. Shrabanee Sen (June 2017- July 2022)
11. Sourav Maity (DST, Inspire JRF) Dr. Shrabanee Sen (April 2019-April 2023)

 

12. Atreyee Sen M. Tech. student Dr. Arnab Mukherjee upto June 2021
13. Tania Chatterjee (DST,

Inspire SRF)

Dr. Arnab Mukherjee (jointly with Dr. D Bhattacharya, AMCC)

 

——

Contact

Dr. Somnath Bandyopadhyay, 
Chief Scientist & Head, Functional Materials & Devices Division
Phone: (033) 24838083
Fax: +91-33-24730957
E-mail: somnath@cgcri.res.in

Last Updated on July 1, 2021