सीएसआईआर-केंद्रीय काँच एवं सिरामिक अनुसंधान संस्थान

CSIR-Central Glass & Ceramic Research Institute

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সিএসআইআর-কেন্দ্রীয় কাঁচ ও সেরামিক গবেষণা সংস্থা

सीएसआईआर-केंद्रीय काँच एवं सिरामिक अनुसंधान संस्थान

CSIR-Central Glass & Ceramic Research Institute

Functional Materials & Devices


The advent of smart materials, structures and systems on the one hand and the fear of burgeoning terrorism across the globe on the other hand have led to an extensive demand of sensors and actuators having tailor-made properties. Amongst different sensors, gas and vapour sensors are increasingly needed for safety, environmental monitoring and process control and find applications in diverse areas, e.g. monitoring of toxic gases like carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, chlorine, combustible gases like methane, LPG, CNG, hydrogen, automobile exhaust pollutants like SOx, NOx, hydrocarbons and measuring and controlling humidity for industrial, nuclear and domestic sectors. Also gas sensors in the form of array or e-nose are of paramount importance for detection of explosives, nerve gas, freshness of fruits and fish, monitoring tea aroma and in medical diagnostics like breath alcohol analyzer, diabetes detection etc. Presently our activity includes development of solid state sensors for detection of methane, LPG, CNG, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, trace moisture, alcohol (breathalyzer) and acetone(biomarker of diabetes in breath).

Basically, a smart structure consists of sensors, actuators and control circuit. An actuator is a transducer capable of transducing an input energy into mechanical energy (displacement/force). Piezoelectric materials are currently used in a variety of applications as sensors and actuators and they play a pivotal role in the arena of smart materials and structures. Ultrasonic structural health monitoring (SHM) is an area where piezoelectric materials in the form of wafers/patches can act as both actuators and sensors. Our present activities include development of multilayer piezoelectric actuators, piezoelectric wafers, and lead-free piezoelectric materials. We have also initiated work on energy harvesting devices using piezoelectric materials.

Recently, to boost collaboration so as to get a tangible outcome, “Sensor Hub” has been formed at CGCRI under the patronage of DST and CSIR. Presently, in the Hub, along with CGCRI, other Institutes in and around kolkata, who have been involved in sensor and related activities for a long time, viz., Jadavpur University, Calcutta University, Bengal Engg. & Science University and Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC), Kolkata have joined hands to develop, fabricate and test electronic nose for tea aroma, MEMS-based battery operated methane and carbon monoxide sensors and arsenic detection kits. The Hub will provide pilot production and testing facilities of sensor and sensor array modules for food, agriculture and environmental applications so that the developed technologies can be transferred directly to the interested parties.

Areas of Research

  • Sensors for detection of toxic and combustibles gases like methane, carbon monoxide and LPG.
  • Sensors for tea aroma electronic nose
  • Semiconductor sensor based breath analyzer for noninvasive monitoring of diabetes
  • Humidity sensors for high temperature nuclear applications
  • Trace moisture sensors for different applications
  • Piezoelectric wafers for NDE of structures
  • Non-lead based piezoelectric materials and multiferroic materials
  • High block-force packaged multilayer piezoelectric actuators for aerospace applications
  • Energy harvesting devices using piezoelectric materials

Technology Developed

  • LPG leakage alarm
  • Trace moisture sensors
  • Piezoelectric wafers for NDE of structures
  • Packaged multilayer piezoelectric actuators ( Under Development )


Ongoing Projects

Sl. No.

Title of the Project


Project Category

Source of Funding

Principal Investigator

Co-Investigator (s)


Project – Development of piezoelectric ceramic composites sensor for under water application (GAP 0365)




Dr Shrabanee Sen

Mr. A K Halder (CGCRI)
Mr Anshuman Seal


Development of microcontroller based humidity meter to monitor the quality of tea in North Eastern India


GAP 0361


Dr.Debdulal Saha



Development of low ppm moisture sensor and digital meters for online measurement of moisture present in transformer oil”




Dr.Debdulal Saha

Dr. Sagnik Das


Multi-detection Methods (Resistive/Opto) for pesticide residue in food matrix (WP 5.3)




Dr. Swastik Mondal

Dr. Ambarish Sanyal


Development of cost effective and easy to use analytical tool for BPA detection (WP 5.2)




Dr. Ambarish Sanyal

Dr. Swastik Mondal






Dr. Mrinal Pal

Dr. Susmita Kundu




Dr. Mrinal Pal

Dr. Susmita Kundu


Divisional Facilities

Dew point Meter & Chilled Mirror Hygrometer
[Shaw Moisture Meter, England & Edge Tech, USA]

Ceramic Multilayer Actuator Test Bench
[aixACCT Systems GmbH, Germany]

Wire bonder [West Bond Inc. USA

Lamination Press [Washbash Indiana, USA]

Wire bonding station [Developed at CGCRI]

Screen Printer [Skyhill, Taiwan]

Tape Caster [Haiku Tech Inc, USA]

Zeta Acoustic Particle Sizer
[Matec Instrument Companies, Inc, USA]


Technical/Support Staff

Name Designation Expertise

Sankar Biswas
Principal Technical Officer Electrical Engineering, Maintenance of electrical equipments, Clean room etc

Dr. Sagnik Das
Senior Technical Officer (1) Material preparation, sensor coating, sensor characterization.

Md. Jalaluddin Mondal
Senior Technician(2) Operation & maintenance of sophisticated instruments and maintenance of gas measurement set up

Sk. Md. Mursalin
Technician (2) Synthesis of sensor materials, processing of sensors & actuators, chemical stock maintenance.

Raju Manna
Technician (1) Instrumentation (Maintenance & handling of sophisticated instruments ) and fabrication of sensor platform.





Abhishek Sasmal
Design and Fabrication of Nanogenerator Composites
Dr. Shrabanee Sen

Shewli Pratihar
Development of Polymer-Ceramic Composites as Self-Powered Sensor
Dr. Shrabanee Sen

Puja Ghosh
To Understand the Multidimensional Applications of TiO2 Polymorphs in Gas Sensing and Dye Sensitized Solar Cells
Dr.Shrabanee Sen / Dr P.Sujatha Devi

Sourav Maity
DST-INSPIRE JRF (Provisionally Joined)
Fabrication of flexible hybrid nanogenerator for powering low powered devices
Dr.Shrabanee Sen

Nirman Chakraborty
Investigations on surface structures on gas sensing properties of metal oxides
Dr Swastik Mondal

Pratyasha Rudra
DST-INSPIRE-JRF (Provisional)
Structure-Property relationship in Oxide Ceramics having application in Sensor and actuator Field
Dr Swastik Mondal

Partha Pratim Mondal
Studies on the synthesis and characterization of spinel based materials for humidity sensor development
Dr Debdulal Saha

Preeti Lata Mahapatra
Project JRF (DST-SERB)
Development of microcontroller based humidity meter to monitor the quality of tea in North Eastern India
Dr Debdulal Saha

Dr. Arindam Saha
Development of Surface Engineered and ‘Self-Programmed’ Smart Nanomaterials, Responsive to Threshold Microenvironment, as Biosensing Devices and Drug Delivery Vehicles, Functional nanomaterials development for library of biomolecules sensing
Individual Project
PI, GAP 0364/ Dr. Ambarish Sanyal

Gaurav Ranjan Dey
Project Assistant(GAP 0364)
PLGA based nanoparticle development for continuous glucose monitoring above threshold concentration
Dr. Arindam Saha

Dr. Sarani Sen
Development of Electrochemical Sensor for Pesticide Detection using nanomaterials modified electrode
Dr. P. Sujatha Devi/ Dr. Ambarish Sanyal

Tanushree Das
JRF (GAP 0368)
Development of Graphene-metal oxide nanocomposite based Ammonia sensing device for medical application
Dr. Mrinal Pal

Sovandeb Sen
DST-INSPIRE-JRF (Provisional)
Study of graphene based sol-gel thin films for low temperature gas sensing application
Dr Susmita Kundu



Dr. Somnath Bandyopadhyay,
Chief Scientist & Head, Functional Materials & Devices Division
Phone: (033) 24838083
Fax: +91-33-24730957
E-mail: somnath@cgcri.res.in

Last Updated on February 2, 2021