सीएसआईआर-केंद्रीय काँच एवं सिरामिक अनुसंधान संस्थान

CSIR-Central Glass & Ceramic Research Institute

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সিএসআইআর-কেন্দ্রীয় কাঁচ ও সেরামিক গবেষণা সংস্থা

सीएसआईआर-केंद्रीय काँच एवं सिरामिक अनुसंधान संस्थान

CSIR-Central Glass & Ceramic Research Institute

Membrane and Separation Technology


India is one of the largest expanding economies having high future potential. The high economic and population growth rates are accompanied by an increase in the standard of living and a huge rise of energy and water demand as well as soaring emissions of greenhouse gases such as CO2. Much of this economic and corresponding social development is expected to take place in rural areas. In consequence, provision of clean and sustainable water to the rural population becomes increasingly crucial. At the same time it is crucial that this water is produced by environmentally friendly methods, e.g. using renewable energy resources and energy-efficient technologies. Rural India has more than 800 million people residing in about 1.42 million habitations spread over 15 diverse ecological regions. Groundwater is the major source of water in India with 85% of the population dependent on it. The health burden of poor water quality is enormous. It is estimated that around 37.7 million Indians are affected by water borne diseases annually, 1.5 million children are estimated to die of diarrhoea alone and 73 million working days are lost due to waterborne diseases each year. The resulting economic burden is estimated at 0 million a year. Hence in India access to safe water is regarded as the primary factor responsible for limiting development. The average availability of water is reducing steadily with the growing population and it is estimated that by 2020 India will become a water stressed nation. Therefore the improvement and extension of water treatment remains an important and necessary objective of the Indian government.

In addition, volume and the quality of such industrial effluents in India is a matter of serious concern. There is a growing need for low footprint and energy efficient technologies for effluent treatment aiming at zero liquid discharge.

Membrane and Separation Technology Division is mandated to contribute significantly in research and development leading to practical application (Lab to land) in the field of water treatment, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse with special emphasis in development of new generation ceramic membranes and ceramic polymer composite membranes leading to application of such membranes for water treatment, wastewater treatment and reuse.

Areas of Research

  • Ceramic monolithic porous support development
  • Ceramic microfiltration membrane
  • Ceramic ultrafiltration membrane
  • Ceramic polymer composite membrane
  • Hydrophobic membranes
  • Arsenic remediation from groundwater
  • Iron remediation from groundwater
  • Surface water pre-treatment
  • Adosrbent development
  • Industrial wastewater Treatment
  • Membrane bioreactor
  • Algae based wastewater treatment
  • Biomass and biofuel
  • Fruit juice clarification
  • Water recycle and reuse
  • Heavy metal remediation
  • Sludge management
  • Dust Filtration
  • Clean Energy Application (Metallic & Zeolytic membranes for mixture gas separation)
  • CO2 Sequestration (Enrichment of flue gas & lean gas)
  • Membrane distillation

Technology Developed

Title Recipient
Ceramic membrane based high capacity modules for pretreatment of turbid water for polishing of iron & arsenic contaminated water using micro filtration technique 1. Porel Dass Water & Effluent Control Pvt. Ltd., Kolkata on 11.05.2011
2. Sarvo Technologies Limited, Faridabad on 30.8.2017
Ceramic Membrane based Technology for Arsenic & Iron Removal from Groundwater 1. Entech Metals Pvt. Ltd., Kolkata on 23/04/03
2. Entech Metals Pvt. Ltd. on 22/07/13
3. Victor Engineering Co., Assam on 7.10.2015
4. Porel Dass Water & Effluent Control Pvt. Ltd., Kolkata on 24.04.2015
5. Zeolite (India) Pvt. Ltd. on 11.9.2017
6. Rollabss Hi Tech Industries, on 27.03.2018




Sr. no.

Title of the Project

Project No.


Funding agency

Project PI & Co-PI


Development of ceramic oxide based nanofiltration membranes

onto oxide -bonded porous SiC supports and their performance evaluation study for liquid,

gas and particulate separation


09.03.2022 to 08.03.2025

Science & Engineering Research


PI: Dr. Nijhuma Kayal

Co-PI: Dr. Mahesh Kumar Gagrai


Natural Biopolymer based Novel Electrospun and Ceramic Composite membranes for treatment of Wastewater

(Collaborative Project with CSIR-NEIST and CSIR-IICT)


February 2022 to February 2025


PI: Dr. Ganesh Chandra Sahoo

Co-PI: Swachchha Majumdar


Coal Derived Syngas for Green Energy

(Collaborative project with CSIR-CIMFR)




25.05.2022 – 24.05.2024


Dr. Abhijit Das Sharma, Project Nodal


WP1: Enrichment of hydrogen from syngas


Dr. Nandini Das, PI, WP1

Dr. Mahesh Kumar Gagrai, Co-PI

Dr. Nijhuma Kayal, Co-PI

WP2: Coal Derived Syngas as a Fuel for Solid Oxide

Fuel Cell (SOFC)

Dr. Jayanta Mukhopadhyay, PI, WP2

Dr. Abhijit Das Sharma,  Co-PI

Dr. Srabanti Ghosh, Co-PI

Dr. A. Amarnath Reddy, Co-PI



Feasibility studies of enrichment of Ozone in permeate stream and recycling of retentate to the Ozone generator using ceramic membranes


22.12.21 to 21.7.22



PI: Sri Swachchha Majumdar

Co-PI: Sri Somjyoti Basak


Nano-selective, bio-mimetic membranes for integrated

biotechnological production of biofuels from lignocelluosic biomass


1st March, 2021 to 29th February 2024


DST, Govt. Of India

PI: Sri Swachchha Majumdar


Co-PI: Dr.  Ganesh Chandra Sahoo


Co-PI: Dr. Sourja Ghosh



“Utilisation of toxic wastes as potential sources of colouring ingredient in glass

Making(Jointly with Speciality Glass Technology Division of CISR-CGCRI)

GAP 0179

30th December, 2020 to 29th December, 2023

Science & Engineering Research


PI: Dr. Asish Kumar Mandal (Of SGT Division)


Co-PI: Dr. Sourja Ghosh

Project Advisor: Sri Swachchha Majumdar



Development and performance characterization of crosslinked beta-cyclodextrin polymer based thin-film composite nanofiltration ceramic membrane (Jointly with FMD Division of CSIR-CGCRI)


30th December, 2020 to  29th December, 2023



Science & Engineering Research


PI: Dr. Arnab Mukherjee (of FMD Division)

Co-PI: Dr. Ganesh Chandra Sahoo

Co-PI:  Dr. Priyanka Mondal



CSIR Integrated Skill Initiative,   Activity: Skill development training on ceramic membrane and water technologies.

NWP 100

December 2020 to November 2025


PI: Dr. P.K. Sinha

Activity Co-Ordinator:

Sri Swachchha Majumdar

Activity Leader:

Dr. Ganesh Chandra Sahoo


Membrane based prototype development for higher yield of microalgal

biomass and biofuel using industrial waste resources(International collaborative Project with USA),


August 2019 to August 2022


 Govt. of India

PI: Dr. Sourja Ghosh

Co-PI:  Sri Swachchha Majumdar



Development of membrane-based methods to improve the recovery of pure water and valuable products from the waste (International collaborative project with BRICS countries).

GAP 0371

June, 2019 to November 2022


PI:  Dr. Sourja Ghosh

Co-PI:  Sri Swachchha Majumdar



Demonstration of ceramic membrane based process for removal of hydrocarbon from contaminated tube well in Hingalganj, Sundarban, West Bengal.

GAP 0370

May, 2019 to May , 2022

WSSO, PHED, Govt. of West Bengal

PI:  Sri Swachchha Majumdar

Co-PI: Dr. Sourja Ghosh

Co-PI: Dr. Ganesh C. Sahoo


Next generation high performance in situ generated nano particles embedded sustainable antifouling ceramic-polymer composite NF membranes: preparations, modifications and application aimed at water/drinking water treatment.


March, 2019 to March, 2022

Science & Engineering Research


PI:  Dr. Priyanka Mondal

Co-PI: Sri Swachchha Majumdar

Co-PI: Dr. Mahesh K. Gagrai


Synthesis of ceramic-polymer composite membrane: a novel next generation technique for water/ wastewater treatment and pervaparation application

GAP 0358

January, 2017 to November, 2022


PI: Dr. Priyanka Mandal



Title of the Project

Project No.


Funding agency

Project PI & Co-PI


Development of ceramic membranes with internationally competitive specifications and setting up of a pre-pilot plant manufacturing plant facility to promote their application in different separation technologies

GAP 0354

May, 2016 to May  31, 2021

DST, Govt. of India

PI:  Sri Swachchha Majumdar

CO PI: Dr. Ganesh C Sahoo


Supply and installation of 51 numbers Iron & Arsenic Removal plant at Border outpost in North 24 Parganas

TSP 0302

December, 2016 to August, 2020

PHED, Govt. of West Bengal

PI:  Sri Swachchha Majumdar


Supply and installation of 43 Nos. Iron & Arsenic Removal plant at Border Out posts in Nadia District.

TSP 0301

April, 2015 to June, 2021

PHED, Govt. of West Bengal

PI:  Sri Swachchha Majumdar


Development of ceramic membrane based process for treatment and recycling of textile effluent towards zero discharge concepts. 

GAP 0356

September, 2016 to September, 2020

DST, Govt. of India

PI:  Sourja Ghosh

CO PI:   Sri Swachchha Majumdar


Water quality management and data analysis report generation for water drawn from river Ganga for proposed Godda Thermal Power Station [2X800 MW)

TSP 0303

June, 2018 to December, 2018

Academy of  Water Technology and Environ Management, Kolkata

PI :  Sri Swachchha Majumdar



Development of Technology for separation of Acetic acid from Effluent generated during the production of HMX

GAP 0363

August, 2017 to April, 2019


TBRL, Chandigarh(DRDO)

PI :  Sri Swachchha Majumdar

CO PI : Dr. Sourja Ghosh


Development of surface modification adsorbents with higher sorption capacity for specific contaminants removal in water / industrial wastewater(SMA) (FBR)


August, 2018 to March, 2020

CSIR,  Govt. of India

PI:  Sri Swachchha Majumdar

CO PI:  Dr. Sourja Ghosh


Technology assessment and integration of CSIR’s lignocellulosic ethanol programs/ facilitating technologies for a feasible 2G ethanol technology

MLP 0305

October  2018 to March, 2020

CSIR,  Govt. of India

PI:  Sri Swachchha Majumdar

CO PI: Dr. Ganesh C Sahoo

Co_PI: Dr. Sourja Ghosh


Membrane Contactors for As(III) to As(V) conversion

CSIR –CNR bilateral

January 2009 to December, 2011

CSIR,  Govt. of India

PI: Swachchha Majumdar


Upscaling of pilot plant demonstration of ceramic membrane based iron removal plants in West Bengal

GAP 0316

August 2004 to March 2009

DST, Govt. of India

PI: Dr. Sibdas Bandyopadhyay

Co-PI: Sri T.K. Ghoshal


Ceramics Materials for Emerging Technologies involving Liquid and Gas Separation Task 2: Development of industrial waste water purification technology based on ultra filtration membrane developed  as above 


April 2007 to March 2013

CSIR Supra Institutional Project

Task Leader: Sri Swachchha Majumdar


Development of layered SiC ceramic filter for off-gas cleaning


23rd March, 2018 to 22nd August, 2021


PI: Dr. Nijhuma Kayal



Oil & Water separation unit for Great Eastern Energy Corporation Ltd.

TSP 0304

31st December, 2020 to 31st October, 2021

Prism Johnson Limited

PI: Sri Swachchha Majumdar


Process development for tannery wastewater treatment involving membrane bioreactor (MBR) process integrated with micro-algal bioremediation.

GAP 0362

June, 2017 to 30th  September, 2021

DBT,  Govt. of India

PI:  Dr.  Sourja Ghosh

CO PI:   Sri Swachchha Majumdar


Development of Nanoadsorbents with higher sorption capacity for removal of Fluoride and Arsenic from Groundwater for potential application is water treatment plants.

SSP 0315

24.08.2020 to 23.02.2022

Zeolite (India) Pvt. Ltd

PI:  Sri Swachchha Majumdar

Co-PI: Dr. Ganesh C. Sahoo


An integrated technology development involving biosorption for treatment of toxic metal containing wastewater generated from small scale industries and sludge management towards safe disposal.

GAP 0367

August, 2018 to February, 2022

DST-WOS-B Scheme

PI : Dr. Lata Ramrakhiani

Mentor: Dr. Sourja Ghosh


Divisional Facilities

List of the testing facilities at Water Technology Division:
Sl No. Nature of the Sample  Testing parameters
1 Water and Wastewater Turbidity
    Total Dissolved Solid(TDS)
    Total Suspended Solid (TSS)
    Total Iron
    Total Arsenic
    Total Organic Carbon (TOC)
    Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen (TKN)
    Anions : Fluoride, Chloride, Bromide, Nitrate, Phosphate, Sulfate
    Cations: Lithium, Sodium, Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, Nickel, Zinc, Cobalt, Cadmium
    Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD)
    Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD)
    MPN (Total coliform)
    Oil & Grease
2 Ceramic Membrane Pore size Distribution
Analytical Facilities at Water Technology Division:
Ultra-Fast Liquid Chromatography (UFLC)
Name of the Instrument Ultra Fast Liquid Chromatography (UFLC)
Specification Determination of Pesticides, pharmaceutical components and personal care product of liquid sample
Model & Make Shimadza Corporation, Japan
Zeta Sizer Analyzer (Nano series)
Name of the Instrument Zeta Sizer Analyzer ( Nano series)
Specification Analysis of particles size 1µm-1nm in aqueous & non aqueous medium
Model & Make ZEN1600, Malvern, UK


Pore Size Analyzer
Name of the Instrument Pore Size Analyzer
Specification Analysis of MF range of pore size for single and multi channel membranes upto 1 meter length
Model & Make Porometer 3G , Quantachrom, USA
Zeta Potential Analyzer
Name of the Instrument Zeta Potential Analyzer (Z series)
Specification Zeta potential of stable suspension of nano particles in aqueous medium
Model & Make ZEN2600, Malvern, UK


Optical Microscope
Name of the Instrument Optical Microscope
Specification Magnification upto 100X
Model & Make STM6, Olympus, Japan
Name of the Instrument Polarimeter
Specification ± 89.9 degree Arc optical rotation, Std. wavelength 589nm & 880nm
Model & Make Rudolph Research Analytical, USA
Name of the Instrument Refractometer
Specification Measure the refractive index and concentration of liquids
Model & Make Anton Paar GmbH, Austria
Gas Chromatography
Name of the Instrument Gas Chromatography (GC)
Specification Analysis of Ethanol, Bio-diesel, Pesticide, Nitrogen and Phosphorus  
Model & Make Dani, Italy
Ion Chromatography
Name of the Instrument Ion Chromatography (IC)
Specification Elemental analysis of Anions (F, Cl, Br, NO3, PO4, SO4 Cation (Li, Na, K, Ca, Mg) T-metals (Ni, Zn, Co, Cd) & Pesticide(Atrazine) of liquid sample.
Model & Make Metrohm, Switzerland
Total Organic Carbon Analyzer
Name of the Instruments Total Organic carbon Analyzer
Specification Analysis of total organic carbon of liquid sample.
Model & Make Shimadza Corporation, Japan
Name of the Instrument Spectrophotometer
Specification Measure the concentration of solutes in solution by measuring the amount of the light that is absorbed by the solution in a cuvette placed in the spectrophotometer. 
Model & Make Carry60, Agilent Technologies, India
Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen (TKN)
Name of the Instrument Total  Kjeldahl Nitrogen (TKN)
Specification Quantitative determination of nitrogen contained in organic substances plus the nitrogen contained in the inorganic compounds ammonia and ammonium of liquid sample.
Model & Make Pelican Equipment, India


Mr. Swachchha Majumdar, Chief Scientist and Head

Dr. Nandini Das, Senior Principal Scientist

Dr. Nijhuma Kayal, Principal Scientist

Dr. Sourja Ghosh, Principal Scientist, Leader

Dr. Ganesh C. Sahoo, Principal Scientist

Dr. Mahesh Kumar Gagrai, Senior Scientist

Dr. Vignesh M, Scientist

Technical/Support Staff

Name Designation Expertise
Subhendu Sarkar Senior Technical Officer (1) Standardization & performance evaluation of Ceramic Membrane based Iron & Arsenic Removal Plants, Standardization and performance monitoring (O&M) of high capacity Ceramic Membrane module for pretreatment of Reverse Osmosis (RO) process feed water, Water analysis, Operation and maintenance of Ion Chomatograph, TOC analysis.
Somjyoti Basak Senior Technical Officer (1) Membrane synthesis and membrane material preparation, zeolite membranes, pervaporation, Gas Chromatography , Bubble point porosimetry, operation of 1600 degree Celsius hanging firing furnace, operation and maintenance of twin screen extruder.
Sanjukta Roy Senior Technical Officer (1) Ceramic polymer composite membranes synthesis, membrane material preparation, operation of ultrafiltration set up.
Mrinmoy Adhikary Technical Officer  
Nagendra Bharti Senior Technician (2) Maintenance & Monitoring of high temperature gas permeation setup present in the lab. Cutting & Finishing of different type of ceramic tube for coating & other R & D purpose.
Smarajit Ghosh Technician (2) Operation and maintenance of water distillation units, analytical balances, muffle furnace, air oven,  operation and maintenance of twin screen extruder, operation and maintenance of Gas Chromatogrpah, Kjeldal Nitrogen analysis, microbiological analysis of water.
Gouranga Chalak Technician (2) Fitting of module & permeability determination, Dimension measurement of ceramic tubes. Operating the Extruder & Mixture machine.
Nitai Chand Singh Technician (1) Operation & Maintenance Ultra filtration & nano filtration testing unit for treatment of aqueous & non-aqueous solution (Rice bran oil), Operation & Maintenance of Tintometer, Furnaces, Attrition mill, Porometer. Nomenclature of ceramic tubes & Fitting of modules. Industrial & Field operation of ceramic membrane pilot units in Sugar Industry & Veg. oil Industry.



Status Project Supervisor

Dr. Mithu Naskar
CSIR Research Associate Dr. Sourja Ghosh,
Principal Scientist
Hillol Acharjee AcSIR PhD scholar & Project Associate-II MLP 0310

Dr. Nandini Das

Senior Principal Scientist

Biswajit Majee Project Associate-I MLP 0310

Dr. Nandini Das

Senior Principal Scientist

Susmita Kar

CSIR Senior Research Fellow &

AcSIR PhD scholar

Dr. Sourja Ghosh,
Principal Scientist
Nilanjan Santra Project Associate- I GAP 0380

Dr. Nijhuma Kayal, Principal Scientist

Krishanu Bhowmik

Project Associate-I & AcSIR PhD scholar


Dr. Ganesh Chandra Sahoo

Principal Scientist

Anirban Ray
UGC NET Fellow Dr. Sourja Ghosh,
Principal Scientist
Faisal Ali Junior Research Fellow(Project) GAP 0372

Swachchha Majumdar

Chief Scientist

Sarbasree Dey
CSIR Senior Research Fellow & AcSIR PhD scholar Dr. Nandini Das
Senior Principal Scientist



Mr. Swachchha Majumdar
Chief Scientist & Head
Ph: 033-23223252
Email: swachchha@cgcri.res.in

Last Updated on November 2, 2022