सीएसआईआर-केंद्रीय काँच एवं सिरामिक अनुसंधान संस्थान

CSIR-Central Glass & Ceramic Research Institute

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सीएसआईआर-केंद्रीय काँच एवं सिरामिक अनुसंधान संस्थान

CSIR-Central Glass & Ceramic Research Institute

Water Technology

Overview

India is one of the largest expanding economies having high future potential. The high economic and population growth rates are accompanied by an increase in the standard of living and a huge rise of energy and water demand as well as soaring emissions of greenhouse gases such as CO2. Much of this economic and corresponding social development is expected to take place in rural areas. In consequence, provision of clean and sustainable water to the rural population becomes increasingly crucial. At the same time it is crucial that this water is produced by environmentally friendly methods, e.g. using renewable energy resources and energy-efficient technologies. Rural India has more than 800 million people residing in about 1.42 million habitations spread over 15 diverse ecological regions. Groundwater is the major source of water in India with 85% of the population dependent on it. The health burden of poor water quality is enormous. It is estimated that around 37.7 million Indians are affected by water borne diseases annually, 1.5 million children are estimated to die of diarrhoea alone and 73 million working days are lost due to waterborne diseases each year. The resulting economic burden is estimated at 0 million a year. Hence in India access to safe water is regarded as the primary factor responsible for limiting development. The average availability of water is reducing steadily with the growing population and it is estimated that by 2020 India will become a water stressed nation. Therefore the improvement and extension of water treatment remains an important and necessary objective of the Indian government.

In addition, volume and the quality of such industrial effluents in India is a matter of serious concern. There is a growing need for low footprint and energy efficient technologies for effluent treatment aiming at zero liquid discharge.

Water Technology Division is mandated to contribute significantly in research and development leading to practical application (Lab to land) in the field of water treatment, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse with special emphasis in development of new generation ceramic membranes and ceramic polymer composite membranes leading to application of such membranes for water treatment, wastewater treatment and reuse.

Areas of Research

  • Ceramic monolithic porous support development
  • Ceramic microfiltration membrane
  • Ceramic ultrafiltration membrane
  • Ceramic polymer composite membrane
  • Hydrophobic membranes
  • Arsenic remediation from groundwater
  • Iron remediation from groundwater
  • Surface water pre-treatment
  • Adosrbent development
  • Industrial wastewater Treatment
  • Membrane bioreactor
  • Algae based wastewater treatment
  • Biomass and biofuel
  • Fruit juice clarification
  • Water recycle and reuse
  • Heavy metal remediation
  • Sludge management

Technology Developed

Title Recipient
Ceramic membrane based high capacity modules for pretreatment of turbid water for polishing of iron & arsenic contaminated water using micro filtration technique 1. Porel Dass Water & Effluent Control Pvt. Ltd., Kolkata on 11.05.2011
2. Sarvo Technologies Limited, Faridabad on 30.8.2017
Ceramic Membrane based Technology for Arsenic & Iron Removal from Groundwater 1. Entech Metals Pvt. Ltd., Kolkata on 23/04/03
2. Entech Metals Pvt. Ltd. on 22/07/13
3. Victor Engineering Co., Assam on 7.10.2015
4. Porel Dass Water & Effluent Control Pvt. Ltd., Kolkata on 24.04.2015
5. Zeolite (India) Pvt. Ltd. on 11.9.2017
6. Rollabss Hi Tech Industries, on 27.03.2018

Projects

ONGOING PROJECTS
Sl no. Title of the Project Project No. Duration Funding agency Project PI & Co-PI
1

Membrane based prototype development for higher yield of microalgal

biomass and biofuel using industrial waste resources

GAP0372 August 2019 to August 2022

DBT

Govt. of India

PI: Dr. Sourja Ghosh

Co-PI:  Sri Swachchha Majumdar

 

2 Development of membrane-based methods to improve the recovery of pure water and valuable products from the waste (International collaborative project with BRICS countries) GAP 0371 June 2019 to June 2022

DST

Govt. of India

PI: Dr. Sourja Ghosh

Co-PI:  Sri Swachchha Majumdar

 

3 Demonstration of ceramic membrane based process for removal of hydrocarbon from contaminated tube well in Hingalganj, Sundarban, West Bengal GAP 0370 May  2019 to November 2020 WSSO, PHED, Govt. of West Bengal

PI: Sri Swachchha Majumdar

Co-PI: Dr.Sourja Ghosh

Co-PI: Dr. Ganesh C. Sahoo

4 Next generation high performance in situ generated nano particles embedded sustainable antifouling ceramic-polymer composite NF membranes: preparations, modifications and application aimed  at water/drinking water treatment GAP0369 March  2019 to March 2022 DST-SERB

PI: Dr.Priyanka Mondal

Co-PI: Sri Swachchha Majumdar

Co-PI: Dr. Mahesh K. Gagrai

5 An integrated technology development involving biosorption for treatment of toxic metal containing wastewater generated from small scale industries and sludge management towards safe disposal GAP 0367 August  2018 to August  2021 DST-WOS-B Scheme

PI : Dr.Lata Ramrakhiani

Mentor:Dr. Sourja Ghosh

6 Process development for tannery wastewater treatment involving membrane bioreactor (MBR) process integrated with micro-algal bioremediation GAP 0362 June 2017 to June  2020

DBT

Govt. of India

PI:Dr.Sourja Ghosh

CO PI:  Sri Swachchha Majumdar

7 Synthesis of ceramic-polymer composite membrane: a novel next generation technique for water/ wastewater treatment and pervaparation application GAP 0358 January  2017 to January 2022 DST PI: Dr.Priyanka Mandal
8 Development of ceramic membrane based process for treatment and recycling of textile effluent towards zero discharge concept GAP 0356 September  2016 to September 2019

DST

Govt. of India

PI:  Dr. Sourja Ghosh

CO PI:  Sri Swachchha Majumdar

9 Development of ceramic membranes with internationally competitive specifications and setting up of a pre-pilot plant manufacturing plant facility to promote their application in different separation technologies GAP 0354 May  2016 to May  2020

DST

Govt. of India

PI: Sri Swachchha Majumdar

CO PI: Dr.Ganesh C Sahoo

10 Supply and installation of 51 numbers Iron & Arsenic Removal plant at Border outpost in North 24 Parganas TSP 0302 December 2016 to March 2020

PHED

Govt. of West Bengal

PI: Sri Swachchha Majumdar
11 Supply and installation of 43 Nos. Iron & Arsenic Removal plant at  Border Out posts in Nadia District TSP 0301 April 2015 to October 2020

PHED

Govt. of West Bengal

PI: Sri Swachchha Majumdar
12 Technology assessment and integration of CSIR’s lignocellulosic ethanol programs/ facilitating technologies for a feasible 2G ethanol technology MLP 0305 October 2018 to March 2020

CSIR

Govt. of India

PI: Sri Swachchha Majumdar

CO PI: Dr.Ganesh C Sahoo

Co_PI: Dr.Sourja Ghosh

13 Development of surface modification adsorbents with higher sorption capacity for specific contaminants removal in water / industrial wastewater(SMA) (FBR) MLP0304 August 2018 to March  2020

CSIR

Govt. of India

PI: Sri Swachchha Majumdar

CO PI:  Dr.Sourja Ghosh

COMPLETED PROJECTS
Title of the Project Project No. Duration Funding agency Project PI & Co-PI
1 Water quality management and data analysis report generation for water drawn from river Ganga for proposed Godda Thermal Power Station [2X800 MW) TSP 0303 June 2018 to December 2018 Academy of  Water Technology and Environ Management, Kolkata

PI : Sri Swachchha Majumdar

 

2 Development of Technology for separation of Acetic acid from Effluent generated during the production of HMX GAP 0363

August 2017 to April 2019

 

TBRL(DRDO) Chandigarh

 

PI :  Sri Swachchha Majumdar

CO PI : Dr.Sourja Ghosh

Divisional Facilities

List of the testing facilities at Water Technology Division:
 
Sl No. Nature of the Sample  Testing parameters
1 Water and Wastewater Turbidity
 pH
Total Dissolved Solid(TDS)
Conductivity
Salinity
Total Suspended Solid (TSS)
Total Iron
Total Arsenic
Total Organic Carbon (TOC)
Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen (TKN)
Anions : Fluoride, Chloride, Bromide, Nitrate, Phosphate, Sulfate
Cations: Lithium, Sodium, Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, Nickel, Zinc, Cobalt, Cadmium
Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD)
Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD)
MPN (Total coliform)
Oil & Grease
2 Ceramic Membrane Pore size Distribution
Analytical Facilities at Water Technology Division:
Ultra-Fast Liquid Chromatography (UFLC)
Name of the Instrument Ultra Fast Liquid Chromatography (UFLC)
Specification Determination of Pesticides, pharmaceutical components and personal care product of liquid sample
Model & Make Shimadza Corporation, Japan
Zeta Sizer Analyzer (Nano series)

Name of the Instrument

Zeta Sizer Analyzer ( Nano series)

Specification

Analysis of particles size 1µm-1nm in aqueous & non aqueous medium

Model & Make

ZEN1600, Malvern, UK

 

Pore Size Analyzer

Name of the Instrument

Pore Size Analyzer

Specification

Analysis of MF range of pore size for single and multi channel membranes upto 1 meter length

Model & Make

Porometer 3G , Quantachrom, USA

Zeta Potential Analyzer

Name of the Instrument

Zeta Potential Analyzer (Z series)

Specification

Zeta potential of stable suspension of nano particles in aqueous medium

Model & Make

ZEN2600, Malvern, UK

 

Optical Microscope

Name of the Instrument

Optical Microscope

Specification

Magnification upto 100X

Model & Make

STM6, Olympus, Japan

Polarimeter

Name of the Instrument

Polarimeter

Specification

± 89.9 degree Arc optical rotation, Std. wavelength 589nm & 880nm

Model & Make

Rudolph Research Analytical, USA

Refractometer

Name of the Instrument

Refractometer

Specification

Measure the refractive index and concentration of liquids

Model & Make

Anton Paar GmbH, Austria

Gas Chromatography

Name of the Instrument

Gas Chromatography (GC)

Specification

Analysis of Ethanol, Bio-diesel, Pesticide, Nitrogen and Phosphorus  

Model & Make

Dani, Italy

Ion Chromatography

Name of the Instrument

Ion Chromatography (IC)

Specification

Elemental analysis of Anions (F, Cl, Br, NO3, PO4, SO4 Cation (Li, Na, K, Ca, Mg) T-metals (Ni, Zn, Co, Cd) & Pesticide(Atrazine) of liquid sample.

Model & Make

Metrohm, Switzerland

Total Organic Carbon Analyzer

Name of the Instruments

Total Organic carbon Analyzer

Specification

Analysis of total organic carbon of liquid sample.

Model & Make

Shimadza Corporation, Japan

Spectrophotometer

Name of the Instrument

Spectrophotometer

Specification

Measure the concentration of solutes in solution by measuring the amount of the light that is absorbed by the solution in a cuvette placed in the spectrophotometer. 

Model & Make

Carry60, Agilent Technologies, India

Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen (TKN)
Name of the Instrument Total  Kjeldahl Nitrogen (TKN)
Specification Quantitative determination of nitrogen contained in organic substances plus the nitrogen contained in the inorganic compounds ammonia and ammonium of liquid sample.
Model & Make Pelican Equipment, India

Technical/Support Staff

Name Designation Contact no. Expertise
Mr. Subhendu Sarkar Senior Technical Officer(1) Standardization & performance evaluation of Ceramic Membrane based Iron & Arsenic Removal Plants, Standardization and performance monitoring (O&M) of high capacity Ceramic Membrane module for pretreatment of Reverse Osmosis (RO) process feed water, Water analysis.

Mr. Somjyoti Basak
Senior Technical Officer (1)

Mr. Mrinmoy Adhikary
Technical Officer
Mr. Khokan Das Senior Technician (2) Operation of Attrition Millipore water purification system, sample preparation, operation pilot plant and testing. Operation pilot plant and testing (Rice bran oil), cutting ceramic material & tubes etc.

Mr. Prasenjit Mandal
Sr. Tech.(2) Water Technology Section
Mr. Nagendra Bharti Senior Technician (2) Maintenance & Monitoring of high temperature gas permeation setup present in the lab. Cutting & Finishing of different type of ceramic tube for coating & other R & D purpose.
Mr. Smarajit Ghosh Technician (2) Email: smarajit@cgcri.res.in Operation and maintenance of water distillation units, analytical balances, muffle furnace, air oven.
Mr. Nitai Chand Singh Technician (1) Operation & Maintenance Ultra filtration & nano filtration testing unit for treatment of aqueous & non-aqueous solution (Rice bran oil), Operation & Maintenance of Tintometer, Furnaces, Attrition mill, Porometer. Nomenclature of ceramic tubes & Fitting of modules. Industrial & Field operation of ceramic membrane pilot units in Sugar Industry & Veg. oil Industry.

 

Scholars/Students

Name

Status Project Supervisor

Surajit Dey

CSIR-SRF Dr. Ganesh C Sahoo

Arkaprava Mandal
JRF GAP 0371 Dr. Sourja Ghosh

Bhaskar Santra
JRF MLP 0305 Mr. Swachchha Majumdar

Srila Banerjee
JRF MLP 0304 Mr. Swachchha Majumdar

Susmita Kar
Project Assistant MLP 0304 Mr. Swachchha Majumdar

Sunava Paul
Project Assistant GAP 0370 Mr. Swachchha Majumdar

Sandip Maity
Project Assistant GAP 0370 Mr. Swachchha Majumdar

Mainak Mukherjee
Project Assistant GAP 0358 Dr. Priyanka Mondal (DST INSPIRE Faculty)

Binit Kar
Project JRF GAP 0369 Dr. Priyanka Mondal (DST INSPIRE Faculty)

Sanjukta Roy
CSIR-SRF Dr. Priyanka Mondal (DST INSPIRE Faculty)

Contact

Mr. Swachchha Majumdar
Head, Water Technology Division
Ph: 033-23223252
Email: swachchha@cgcri.res.in

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